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Semester: 1st
Grade: 12  
No. of hours: 80 hours/semester

Course Description:

This course develops critical thinking and problem solving skills through quantitative research.

Course Objectives:

At the end of the course, students should be able to:

  1. identify the nature of quantitative research;
  2. show understanding and appreciation of research across a wide spectrum of professional fields; and
  3. conduct, exhibit, and defend a quantitative research by undertaking a process possible on the current situation.

Course Content

  1. Nature of Research and Inquiry
    1.1 Inquiry vs. Research: A Review
    1.1.1 Nature of Inquiry and Research
    1.1.2 Characteristics of Research
    1.1.3 Methods of Research
    1.1.4 Inquire vis-à-vis Research
    1.2 Quantitative Research
    1.2.1 Definition, Characteristics, and Classification of Quantitative Research
    1.2.2 Importance of Quantitative Research
    1.2.3 Quantitative vs. Qualitative
    1.3 Experimental Research
    1.3.1 Definition, and Classification of Experimental Research
    1.3.2 Research Design of Non-Experimental Research
    1.3.3 Quasi-Experimental Research
    1.4 Non-Experimental Research
    1.4.1 Definition, and Classification of Quantitative Research
    1.4.2 Definition and Purposes of Survey Research
    1.4.3 Planning and Strength of Survey Research
    1.4.4 Ethical Principles and Rules in Survey
    1.5 Variables
    1.5.1 Definition and Basic Types
    1.5.2 Variable Relationship
    1.5.3 Other Types of Variables

2. Identifying the Inquiry and Stating the Problem
2.1 Quantitative Research Problem
2.1.1 Nature of Quantitative Research Problem
2.1.2 Sources of Quantitative Research Problem
2.1.3 Research Questions vs. Quantitative Research Problems
2.1.4 Guidelines in Formulating a Quantitative Research Problem and Research Questions
2.1.5 Research Problems in Experimental Research
2.1.6 Approaches to Quantitative Research Questions

2.2 Hypothesis
2.2.1 Definition and Purpose of Hypothesis
2.2.2 Hypothesis vs. Research Questions
2.2.3 Categories of Hypothesis
2.2.4 Guidelines in Formulating Hypotheses

3. Learning form Others, Review on Related Literature
3.1 Review of Related Literature (RRL)
3.1.1 Definition and Purposes of RRL
3.1.2 RRL in Quantitative Research
3.1.3 Steps in Conducting a Systematic Review
3.1.4 Meta-analysis in Quantitative Research
3.1.5 In-text Citation and Referencing Style
3.1.6 Examples of APA, MLA, Chicago Manual
3.1.7 Ethical Standards in Literature-Review Writing
3.2 Conceptual Framework
3.2.1 Definition and Purposes of Conceptual Framework
3.2.2 Concept Map
3.2.3 Conceptual Framework vs. Theoretical Framework
3.3 The Language of Research
3.3.1 Characteristics of the Language of Research
3.3.2 Research-Language Formation
3.3.3 Operational Definition

4. Understanding Data and Ways to Collect Data
4.1 Quantitative Research Designs
4.1.1 Meaning and Types of Qualitative Design Experimental Research Design Non-Experimental Research Design
4.2 Quantitative Data-Collection Techniques
4.2.1 Locus Identification Techniques in Collecting Data Observation Survey Experiment Content Analysis Measurement Scale for Quantitative Data Nominal Scale Ordinal Scale Interval Scale Ratio Scale

5. Finding Answers through Data Collection
5.1 Quantitative Data Analysis
5.1.1 Basic Concept
5.1.2 Steps in Quantitative Data Analysis Preparing the Data Analyzing the Data Descriptive Statistical Technique Frequency Distribution Measure of Central Tendency (Mean, Median, Mode) Advanced Quantitative Analytical Methods Correlation Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) Regression
5.2 Statistical Methods/Statistical Treatment
5.2.1 Basic Concept
5.2.2 Statistical Methodologies Descriptive Statistics Inferential Statistics
5.2.3 Types of Statistical Data Analysis
5.2.4 Statistical Methods of Bivariate Analysis Correlation or Co-variation Cross Tabulation
5.2.5 Measure of Correlation Correlation Coefficient Regression 
5.3 Sampling Procedures
5.3.1 Basic Concept
5.3.2 Factors Affecting Sample Selection
5.3.3 Sampling Methods Probability Sampling
5.3.3..2 Non-Probability Sampling
5.3.4 Random Sampling vis-à-vis Statistical Methods
5.3.5 Advantages and Disadvantages of Five Basic Sampling Techniques

6. Reporting and Sharing Findings
6.1 Research-Report Findings
6.1.1 Basic Concept
6.1.2 Research Writing vs. Reporting Writing
6.1.3 Research-Report Writing Style or Format
6.2 Discussion of Results
6.3 Conclusion and Recommendation
6.4 Writing References

6.1.4 Research-Report Writing Style or Format 6.2 Discussion of Results 6.3 Conclusion and Recommendation

6.4 Writing References

Course Requirements:

  1. Note-Taking Sheet
  2. Research Poster
  3. Quantitative Research Report
  4. Oral Defense
  5. Index Card (Optional)

Academic Performance Evaluation System:

Written Works…………………………………………………………….…25%
Performance Tasks……………………………………….………………..45%
Quarterly Assessment………………………………….………..………30%


Baraceros, E.L. (2016). Practical Research. Manila: Rex Book Store, Inc.
Bataller, R.T. (2016). Statistics and Probability. Makati City: Don Bosco Press.
Belecina, R.R., Baccay, E.S., Mateo, E.B. (2016). Statistics and Probability. Manila: Rex Book Store, Inc.
Johnson, R.R., Kuby, P.J. (2014). Statistics. Second Ed., Pasig City: Cengage Learning Asia Pte Ltd.
Uy, C., Cabauatan, R., de Castro, B., Grajo, J. (2016).Practical Research 2. Quezon City: Vibal Group, Inc.

Prepared by:

Almer L. Tayactac
Subject Teacher

This is a trial test in preparation for the end term exam. Kindly answer accordingly.

This is a trial test in preparation for the end term exam. Kindly answer accordingly.

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